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    Learning can be improved with sleep

    Who I am
    Louise Hay
    @louisehay
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    wikipedia.org

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    Sometimes we learn in a way
    too fast and we do not perceive the complexity that lies behind it all
    process. Other times it is more difficult learn
    and we wonder why it is so complicated.

    To acquire a new skill is
    it is necessary to learn the different aspects related to a given activity, e
    different areas of our brain are involved in this process. For instance,
    to learn to play the piano you have to manage the exact sequence of the
    musical notes and the appropriate sequence of finger movements. For
    learn the concept we will have to break it down into parts, analyze the relationships,
    try to simplify and finally return to reintegrate everything. So much in motor learning
    as in the conceptual one, memory is always involved. For this reason
    many psychological experiments center on evaluating which ones are
    ideal learning conditions based simply on memory
    (obviously, this is not an optimal approach to the learning process,
    but it can offer us a very interesting and simple trick to improve it
    same). But… we can improve learning
    simply by changing the time to study? Can sleep improve the
    learning process? Professors always have
    recommended that students sleep well and soundly the night before
    exams, so that you can have a fresher and better mind
    attention. It is also known that the conceptual contents will have to be learned
    during the night so that they can be properly consolidated during sleep,
    since during the day the large amount of information to which we are
    exposed, it will act as a barrier and erase much of what we have
    tempted to learn. So… it's really better
    study at night? In 1972 a
    experiment in which it was shown that we are capable of retaining a greater quantity
    of information if we sleep before or after learning something new. In
    this case a hypothesis was launched which stated that it doesn't matter if learning
    occurs during the day or night, the essential factor is that sleep
    precedes or follows learning. Several decades later, some neuropsychologists
    Harvard University, they were able to confirm that, in fact, even if the
    time of day can be important as it affects our level of
    attention and therefore we will assimilate a greater or lesser amount of information,
    in fact, the essential factor for consolidating learning is sleep. These neuropsychologists
    they carried out an experiment in which people took a break to sleep
    between 60 and 90 minutes or had a normal night's sleep. They later evaluated
    the quality of learning (what they remembered of what they had learned).
    It was found that the constant factor in who showed to have learned in a way
    deeper, were the waves in the REM phase during sleep. The explanation for this phenomenon
    could be based on the fact that REM phase facilitates neuroplasticity e
    propitious the development of dendritic arborizations as well as synapses
    interneuronal. Result? The enhancement of memory. Thus, we could arrive at the
    conclusion that to enhance learning it is important to choose the time of
    day in which we will be more attentive and motivated but also take a siesta
    immediately after, to sleep deeply even for a few minutes.
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