Lactic ferments, probiotici e prebiotici, sono utili per la prevenzione e l diverse patologie. Discover the properties, when to take them, come.
- What are lactic ferments
- Lactic ferments and probiotics
- Lactic ferments and prevention
- Lactic ferments as a cure
What are lactic ferments
The definition that refers to the wording "probiotics"In itself is that of group of bacteria capable of digesting lactose, through a fermentation process. They convert lactose into lactic acid using the enzyme betagalactosidase.
The main types of lactic ferments belong to the group of
Lactic ferments and probiotics
Probiotics are lactic ferments but not all lactic ferments are probiotics! Let's try to understand what it means.
Lactic ferments are a type of bacteria which digests lactose, but only a part of them, the probiotic one, is able to remain alive inside the organism and enrich the intestinal bacterial flora. Probiotics arrive intact in the intestine where they replicate, remaining alive all the way from the oral cavity.
THEWorld Health Organization he defined them as “Live and vital microorganisms that confer benefits to the health of the host when consumed, in adequate quantities, as part of a food or a drug”.
Live lactic ferments, largely belong to the genera Lactobacillus Acidophilus, Lactobacillus Gasseri, Lactobacillus Casei, Bifidobacterium. They promote intestinal eubiosis by strengthening the microbiota.
Il Ministry of Health has determined a probiotic supplement to be effective it must provide a daily dose of live lactic ferments equal to one billion for each single strain.
These precious allies are indicated to strengthen our defenses, to avoid debilitating factors for gastrointestinal function, and to rebalance the lazy intestine in case of constipation or diarrhea.
In fact, the colon is populated by billions of good bacteria (eubiotics), which have the main task of synthesizing digestion residues (fibers, carbohydrates and proteins), through fermentation and putrefactive processes of food remains.
You can learn more about the properties, use and contraindications of probiotics
Lactic ferments and prevention
Lactic ferments have an antimicrobial action against various pathogens. They represent a valid ally in prevention to protect the body from flu attacks, seasonal diseases of a bacterial or viral nature. In fact, they enrich the intestinal flora and the immune system is supported and strengthened.
It is useful to take them in these cases:
- Travel in tropical countries: people who visit foreign countries are at risk of intestinal diseases and can contract traveler's diarrhea, caused by food or drinking water contaminated with bacteria, viruses or parasites. Our useful microorganisms are photosensitive to sunlight and ionosensitive in seasonal changes, after strong storms and to places other than where you regularly live, so when you travel, the intestinal bacterial flora changes, causing the onset of inflammation.
- Food changes: whether they are distant places, where we eat foods other than those we are used to, or follow new diets, for weight control or for curative purposes (diabetes, cholesterol, hypertension, etc.) it is definitely recommended to help the digestive process , with the intake of lactic ferments, for the ability they have to favor the absorption of nutrients derived from food, and to facilitate the digestive process.
- Season changes: when they had not yet invented the refrigerator, in spring and autumn our flora underwent a change of bacteria, to allow the digestion of summer or winter foods. This still happens today in our body (even if we can eat everything at any time of the year), so the use of lactic ferments favors this turnover of bacteria.
Also find out what probiotic foods are
Lactic ferments as a cure
In case of illness, the curative function of lactic ferments is far from negligible given that in such conditions the native flora is more or less compromised by substances extraneous to human metabolism (especially drugs and vaccines), gives chronic stress o unhealthy drinks o diet not suitable for the subject.
- Diarrhea and constipation: are among the most common disorders that require the use of lactic ferments for their ability to restore intestinal function.
- Infections and inflammations: the presence of probiotics in our flora is an adjunct in the treatment of the main respiratory and urinary tract infections, in inflammatory intestinal syndromes and in immune system disorders: in case of allergies, food intolerances, colds, candida and in case of cystitis it is advisable to use lactic ferments.
- Cure antibiotiche: antibiotics and lactic ferments, most of the time they are not taken at the same time and this lack involves on the one hand the weakening of the bacteria that make up the intestinal flora, on the other hand the onset of recurrence of the infection. Unfortunately, antibiotics have undesirable effects: they can affect the intestinal bacterial flora and develop more or less severe forms of gastrointestinal disorders, diarrhea or constipation. They can also cause allergic reactions, due to individual sensitivity towards one or more components; or high-level toxicity to organs (liver, kidneys, etc.); and finally antibiotic resistance.
The coronavirus pandemic has made us understand how important it is to pay attention to our immune system, strengthen its defenses and support it to fight difficult-to-manage viruses.
We therefore periodically use probiotics to enrich the intestinal flora and protect us more.
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