Mens sana in corpore sano | Sport and health

Do you know the saying Mens sana in corpore sano? The human body is a complex set of structures and organs that each participate in a specific different function but are integrated into a single large system. The good or bad functionality of each structure has an influence on all the other structures. The locomotor system is a set of structures built on practically perfect engineering.

The evolution over the years has led to the birth of mechanisms that allow the movement of the body.
The human being has evolved to be able to move and his health depends on the functioning of this principle. Movement has a beneficial effect on the whole organism in general.

It is correct to associate the term "movement" with the term "physical exercise" up to a certain point: getting up from a chair to go by car is not to be considered as physical exercise. In fact, since the experience of physical exercise is a subjective concept, it is necessary to have objective points of reference to adhere to.


To consider an activity a physical exercise it is necessary that it requires a good commitment. In concrete terms, a good reference point is the following: the intensity of the exercise must not allow you to speak quietly during its execution.

This parameter is simple but gives a good reference to the oxygen demand of the activity. Obviously the same activity can have a different intensity for a sedentary subject and a trained subject, for the latter there is no need to describe the importance of physical exercise as he is already appreciating the benefits.

How "Mens sana in corpore sano" can improve health

Exercise has a big impact on health for various reasons, as we said in fact "Mens sana in corpore sano"

  • Hormonal response and other transmitters for the whole organism
  • Removal of waste metabolites
  • Total and especially visceral fat reduction

The hormonal response does not consist only of a slight increase in androgens. The increase in these is small and does not last long following exercise. The greatest benefits are obtained by increasing the insulin sensitivity of the various metabolically active tissues.

Physical activity and hormonal response

During exercise, the various organs have to work harder to supply nutrients (oxygen and energy substrate) to the muscles and the muscles have to work consuming this "fuel".

This increased work of the various tissues, repeated several times a week (and in the following times) ensures that these tissues are prepared for this type of effort.

To be prepared for this work, the tissues must be efficient, therefore free of non-functional fabric, and must be able to receive the fuel necessary for their activity. This causes the various tissues to acquire a greater insulin sensitivity or a greater ability to let the energy substrate enter the cells.

The presence of glucose in the blood stream is not infinite and this must be stored. An excessive concentration of glucose can lead to damage to various tissues. If muscles and organs are not used to using glucose then they will not even be used to receiving glucose and this is deposited in the adipose tissue.

Physical activity and cholesterol

In the long run, the hormonal production of adipose tissue and a constant excess of glucose in the blood generate numerous foci of inflammation and various pathologies that ultimately damage the entire organism.

Exercise is able to contribute to the removal of waste metabolites, in particular being active increases the levels of good HDL cholesterol.

Blood is an aqueous component and therefore hydrophilic substances circulate in it. Fats are by definition lipophilic substances and cholesterol is a lipophilic steroid. To be transported in the blood, lipophilic substances need special transporters, namely lipo-proteins.

These can have a different density which corresponds to a different effect. LDL (low density lipoprotein) have the characteristic of accumulating in the lumen of the vessels and over time can form "incrustations" that can even occlude the lumen of the vessel.

HDL (high density lipoprotein), on the other hand, has the characteristic of "cleaning" the lumen of the vessel from encrustations as they are larger in size. HDLs therefore have a beneficial effect on the circulation and high concentrations of these molecules have a beneficial effect for the whole body.

Exercising regularly reduces visceral fat and as a result can reduce the risk of premature death by up to 30%. This correlation is simple: in the abdominal cavity there is a favorable accumulation of fat (especially in androgenic morphotypes).

Fat is a kind of "ballast" that strains the functioning of the viscera. If an organ is not "accustomed" to more work and is constantly fatigued, it will not be able to perform its function in the best possible way.

Reducing visceral fat means promoting one's health and the functioning of various organs and science has not yet found a pill as effective as exercise.



Our articles should be used for informational and educational purposes only and are not intended to be taken as medical advice. If you are concerned, consult a health professional before taking dietary supplements or making major changes to your diet.


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