Example Diet against Diarrhea

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Robert Maurer
@robertmaurer
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Premise

The following indications are for informational purposes EXCLUSIVELY and are not intended to replace the opinion of professionals such as a doctor, nutritionist or dietician, whose intervention is necessary for the prescription and composition of PERSONALIZED food therapies.


Diarrhea

Diarrhea refers to a condition of intestinal discomfort that causes at least three daily bowel movements of very soft or liquid stools. To be defined as such, it must have a duration of at least two days, before which the discharges have no diagnostic significance.


Beyond 14 days it is defined as persistent and, if accompanied by mucus, blood, pain and poor control of the evacuation, it is called dysentery. NB. In infants, liquid (but not watery) stools are considered normal.
Diarrhea causes significant fluid loss and, if continued, can lead to dehydration and mineral deficiencies.
Among the most common causes of diarrhea we mention intestinal infections or infestations (viruses, bacteria, parasites), food intolerances (lactose, celiac disease), hyperthyroidism, the use of drugs or food supplements, the abuse of laxatives, the intake of irritating or osmotic molecules (lactulose, caffeine, capsaicin, etc.), irritable bowel syndrome, intense cold, alteration of the intestinal bacterial flora, the psychosomatic action of catecholamines, diverticular disease and chronic inflammatory diseases intestinal (ulcerative rectal colitis and Crohn's disease).
The prevention and treatment of diarrhea are specific, therefore based on the triggering causes; a specific diet is always required.



In developing countries, diarrhea is a very frequent cause of mortality.

Diet

The diet for diarrhea is a diet necessary for the restoration of normal fecal consistency.
As with prevention and treatment, dietary therapy must also take into account the triggering agent. However, since in many cases the diarrhea is idiopathic (the reason is unknown), it is good to follow a diet that can be effective in each of the cases mentioned above.
The basics of a good diarrhea diet are:

  • Absence of nutrients subject to intolerance; it is always advisable to temporarily eliminate lactose and, for celiacs, it is advisable to take particular care of food hygiene by preventing contamination with gluten
  • Absence of drugs, synthetic laxatives and unnecessary food supplements
  • Absence of alcohol and other nerves (caffeine, theine, theobromine, etc.)
  • Absence of intestinal irritating additives (xylitol, polyphosphates, mannitol, etc.)
  • Absence of spicy ingredients (capsaicin, piperine, gingerol, allicin, isothiocyanate, etc.)
  • Absence of carbonized molecules in cooking
  • Absence of laxative foods
  • Few fibers, trying to prefer the soluble ones
  • Fats in quantities not exceeding the norm (25-30%)
  • Increase in the supply of mineral salts and water, paying attention to the osmotic concentration of any hydro-saline drinks
  • Consumption of probiotic foods (yogurt, buttermilk, kefir, tempeh, miso etc)
  • Possibly, consumption of astringent foods.

Diarrhea supplements

Potentially useful food supplements, to be associated with the diet for diarrhea, are different.
In the event that the power supply is not sufficient, it is advisable to use a hydro-saline type product, containing mainly water, potassium and magnesium; these will compensate for faecal eliminations even in the case of persistent diarrhea.
Some choose more complex products, meaning that they also contain a good pool of vitamins. This choice is justified by the fact that, in case of diarrhea, it is necessary to reduce the quantity of laxative and / or vegetable foods containing a lot of dietary fiber.
It could be useful to supplement the diet with probiotic-based products, in order to preserve the integrity of the intestinal bacterial flora.
In addition, many choose to take products capable of increasing the fecal consistency, such as: clay, vegetable charcoal, etc.



Example

Office worker and shift worker. Celiac. He has been complaining of diarrhea for about a week, which begins immediately after breakfast.


Gender Female
Age 55
Height cm 160
Wrist circumference cm 16,2
Constitution Robust
Height / wrist 9,8
Morphological type Brevilineo
Weight kg 65
Body mass index 25,4
Physiological body mass index desirable 24,9
Desirable physiological weight kg 63,7
Basal metabolism kcal 1383,6
Physical activity level coefficient No off. 1,42
Energy expenditure kcal 1964,7

Diet NORMOcaloric 1965Kcal
Lipids 30% 65,5g 589,5Kcal
Protein 1,2g / kg 76,4g 305,8Kcal
Carbohydrates 54,5% 285,3g 1069,7Kcal
Breakfast 15% 295kcal
Snack 5% 98kcal
Lunch 40% 786kcal
Snack 5% 98kcal
Price 35% 688kcal

Diet Day 1

Breakfast
  Soya milk 300 ml 1 cup
  Corn flakes 40g 8 tablespoons
  Blanched almonds 10g about 3 almonds
Snack I
  Apple, without peel 150g 1 small apple
Lunch
Risotto with Tomato
  White rice, polished 90g  
  Tomato Sauce 100g  
  Grit 5g 1/2 tbsp
Tuna and Lettuce Salad
  Natural tuna, canned 56g 1 can of 80g drained
  Lettuce 50g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  TOTAL extra virgin olive oil 20g 2 tablespoons
Snack II
  Soy yogurt 120g 1 jar
Price
Sliced ​​Polenta
  corn flour 50g  
  Acqua 200 ml  
 
  Grilled Chicken with Zucchini    
  Chicken breast 150g  
  zucchini 150g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  Extravirgin olive oil 20g 2 tablespoons

Nutritional translation of DAY 1
Nutrient or nutritional component Quantity
Energy law 1954,3kcal
Food water 996,7g
Protein 92,7g
Total energy lipids 69,8g
  Total saturated fat 11,74g
Total monounsaturated fatty acids 40,53g
Total polyunsaturated fatty acids 11,54g
Cholesterol 114,35mg
Carbohydrates 243,5g
  Simple, total sugars 43,3g
Alcohol, ethanol 0,0g
Dietary Fiber 16,3g
Sodium 1902,7mg
Potassium 2349,7mg
Soccer 547,6mg
Iron 25,2mg
Phosphorus and Potassium 1082,8mg
Zinc 7,3mg
Tiamina O vit. B1 2,39mg
Riboflavina o vit. B2 2,91mg
Niacin or vit. B3 o vit. PP 43,0mg
Pyridossine o vit. B6 5,23mg
Folate, total 566,4μg
Ascorbic acid or vit. C. 74,93mg
Vitamin D 124,4IU
Retinol equivalent activity or vit. TO 17,99RAE
α-tocopherol o vit. AND 17,99mg

As can be seen from the summary table, the diet for diarrhea is rich in liquids (it provides about 50% of the water needed only with food) and low in fiber. However, it is also necessary to point out that some nutrients are supplied in insufficient quantities; here is explained the usefulness of food supplements. Of these, we mention: potassium, calcium, zinc, vitamin C, vitamin D and carotenoids (provitamin A).
NB. To increase the calcium intake, it is sufficient to prefer fortified soy milk and yogurt (with added calcium).



DAY 2

Breakfast
  Soya milk 300 ml 1 cup
  Puffed rice 40g 8 tablespoons
  Walnuts, kernels 10g about 3 kernels
Snack I
  Orange 150g 1 small apple
Lunch
Gluten Free Pasta with Eggplant
  Gluten free pasta 90g  
  Melanzane 100g  
  Grit 5g 1/2 tbsp
Bresaola and Radicchio rolls
  bresaola 40g 4 slices
  Red radish 50g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  TOTAL extra virgin olive oil 20g 2 tablespoons
Snack II
  Soy yogurt 120g 1 jar
Price
Peeled Lesse lentils
  Lentils, peeled, dried 50g  
 
  Pan-fried cod with cherry tomatoes    
  Cod, fillets 150g  
  Cherry tomatoes 150g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  Extravirgin olive oil 25g 2 1/2 tablespoons

Diet Day 3


Breakfast
  Soya milk 300 ml 1 cup
  Gluten-free muesli 40g 8 tablespoons
  Hazelnuts 10g about 4-5 hazelnuts
Snack I
  Banana, not very ripe 150g 1 small banana
Lunch
Polenta with Mushrooms
  corn flour 90g  
  Acqua 360 ml  
  Mixed mushrooms 100g  
  Grit 5g 1/2 tbsp
Boiled Egg and Valerianella Salad
  Egg 50g 1 egg, without shell
  Valerianella 50g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  TOTAL extra virgin olive oil 20g 2 tablespoons
Snack II
  Soy yogurt 120g 1 jar
Price
Pureed Potatoes
  corn flour 200g  
  Acqua QB  
 
  Sauteed Turkey with Spinach    
  Turkey breast 150g  
  Spinaci 150g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  Extravirgin olive oil 20g 2 tablespoons

Diet Day 4

Breakfast
  Soya milk 300 ml 1 cup
  Amaranto flakes 40g 8 tablespoons
  Pine nuts 10g 1 spoon
Snack I
  Kako mela, not very ripe 150g 1 small apple
Lunch
Boiled potatoes with parsley and rocket
  Potatoes 400g  
  Parsley and rocket 100g  
  Grit 5g 1/2 tbsp
Grana and Radicchio salad
  Grit 45g  
  Green radicchio 50g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  TOTAL extra virgin olive oil 10g 1 spoon
Snack II
  Soy yogurt 120g 1 jar
Price
tempeh
  tempeh 100g  
 
  Plaice and grilled fennel    
  Plaice, fillets 150g  
  Fennel 150g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  Extravirgin olive oil 20g 2 tablespoons

Diet Day 5

Breakfast
  Soya milk 300 ml 1 cup
  Corn flakes 40g 8 tablespoons
  Blanched almonds 10g about 3 almonds
Snack I
  Apple, without peel 150g 1 small apple
Lunch
Risotto With Lemon
  White rice, polished 90g  
  Lemon zest and juice 100g  
  Grit 5g 1/2 tbsp
Mackerel and Lettuce Salad
  Mackerel in oil, drained 45g 3 fillets
  Lettuce 50g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  TOTAL extra virgin olive oil 10g 1 spoon
Snack II
  Soy yogurt 120g 1 jar
Price
Sliced ​​Polenta
  corn flour 50g  
  Acqua 200 ml  
 
  Grilled Veal with Boiled Chicory    
  Calf, walnut 150g  
  Chicory 150g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  Extravirgin olive oil 15g 1 1/2 tablespoons

Diet Day 6

Breakfast
  Soya milk 300 ml 1 cup
  Puffed rice 40g 8 tablespoons
  Walnuts, kernels 10g about 3 kernels
Snack I
  Orange 150g 1 small apple
Lunch
Gluten Free Pasta with Zucchini
  Gluten free pasta 90g  
  Zucchini 100g  
  Grit 5g 1/2 tbsp
Ham and Radicchio rolls
  Sweet raw ham, defatted 35g 3 slices
  Red radish 50g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  TOTAL extra virgin olive oil 20g 2 tablespoons
Snack II
  Soy yogurt 120g 1 jar
Price
Fave Lesse Decorticate
  Hulled, dried broad beans 50g  
 
  Omelette with Boiled Carrots    
  Egg 100g 2 eggs, without shell
  carrots 150g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  Extravirgin olive oil 15g 1 1/2 tablespoons

Diet Day 7

Breakfast
  Soya milk 300 ml 1 cup
  Gluten-free muesli 40g 8 tablespoons
  Hazelnuts 10g about 4-5 hazelnuts
Snack I
  Banana, not very ripe 150g 1 small banana
Lunch
Polenta with Mushrooms
  corn flour 90g  
  Acqua 360 ml  
  Mixed mushrooms 100g  
  Grit 5g 1/2 tbsp
Tuna and Lettuce Salad
  Natural tuna, canned 56g 1 can of 80g drained
  Lettuce 50g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
  TOTAL extra virgin olive oil 20g 2 tablespoons
Snack II
  Soy yogurt 120g 1 jar
Price
tempeh
  tempeh 100g  
Steamed Sea Bass and Broccoli
  Sea bass, fillets 150g  
  Broccoli 150g  
 
  Gluten-free bread 60g 2 slices
Extravirgin olive oil 20g 2 tablespoons

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