Excess of potassium: symptoms, causes, nutrition

The excess of potassium it can be due to a malfunction of the kidneys, and causes muscle cramps or weakness, pressure imbalances, fatigue and tachycardia. Let's find out better how to cure it.

> 1. Symptoms of excess potassium

> 2. The cause

> 3. Excess of potassium and power supply


Pressure imbalances are among the symptoms of excess potassium

Excess of potassium: symptoms, causes, nutrition

Symptoms of excess potassium

Monitoring the level of potassium (mineral K) in the human body is imperative. Potassium it is a mineral that must never be lacking in the daily diet, but nevertheless it must never be in excess.

Excess potassium, also defined as hyperkalaemia or hyperkalemia, is in fact harmful, especially in cases of diseases that affect the elderly, such as arterial hypertension and heart disease.

Symptoms related to excess potassium in the blood are muscle cramps or weakness, sometimes tremors, pressure imbalances, fatigue and asthenia, tachycardia up to stopping heartbeat, shock and death.


The causes of excess potassium 

One of the main causes of the increase in potassium is linked to a physical disorder related to kidney function. Sick kidneys, which do not filter and do not fully fulfill their task, are unable to dispose of excess potassium, which accumulates and risks causing serious damage to health. Renal failure and blood pressure imbalance are two contributing causes of hyperkalaemia.

Other reasons may be dehydration, excessive dietary intake, diuretic therapies that prevent or reduce the excretion of potassium, Addison's disease, hypoaldosteronism (reduced secretion of the hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland), haemolytic crises caused by blood disorders or transfusions.


Excess of potassium and nutrition

The excess of potassium can also be regulated by observing a correct diet. For example, in cases of chronic hyperkalaemia, tailor-made diets can be planned, with the help of a good doctor, based on the potassium contained in food.

A food program capable of eliminating excess potassium provides first of all a reduction in the consumption of tea, coffee, cocoa, fruit, vegetables.

Specifically, to reduce the intake of the mineral K, they go avoided also foods such as: dried fruit, such as dates, plums, raisins or apricots; peanuts, olives, pine nuts, almonds; fruits, such as banana, kiwi, avocado, cherries, peaches, apricots.

You should too limit the consumption of such vegetables beets, ripe tomatoes, artichokes, cabbage, fennel, endive, lettuce, rocket, spinach; limit the consumption of dried legumes, such as chickpeas, lentils, Fava beans, peas and beans; sauces like ketchup, soy sauce, wine, beer. Also say no to potatoes, garlic, brewer's yeast, brown rice.

It is important not to combine them foods that contain a lot of potassium: if you eat pasta and beans, for example, you should then avoid the side dish, at least not take tomatoes, which contain high quantities.

So no even to tomato sauce or sauce, to be taken in moderation. Exercising in this case is really beneficial.


What are the consequences of potassium deficiency


Other articles on potassium:

> Can excess potassium be dangerous?

> Potassium, effects of deficiency and excess

> Potassium and magnesium, benefits and contraindications


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