Vegetarian diet: is it suitable for children?

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Robert Maurer
@robertmaurer
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Introduction

L'your country is al first post in Europe by number of vegetarians, with more than 6 million people, 10% of the population, divided into different types based on their dietary style.


La Vegetarian diet is a food style that implies aassumption feed prevailing o exclusive right - depending on the type - of vegetable e mushrooms; none Vegetarian diet It allows to eat meat e fishery products.


By eliminating the meat, in principle, a reduction in the intake of arachidonic acid e cholesterol coming from it. Removing preserved meats also reduces some food additives, such as saltpetre, and a more or less high slice of acids saturated fats. By indirectly removing the grilling of the meat, a significant reduction of the meat is also obtained residue area of carbonization di protein e grassi. The increase of vegetables increases the contribution of fibers, water e antioxidants vitamins, minerals and polyphenols, etc.



Benefits

Relativity of benefits

Compared to the typical diet western all this would undoubtedly bring many benefits for the health - which we will discuss below. However, we would like to make a clarification: the results of the experiments that we are going to mention are purely statistical and DON'T they hold in considerazione l'attitude to the healthiness.

What does it mean? That the nutritional regimen vegetarian medium è conceived for the improvement of the state of healthwhile feeding onnivora used as reference it is quite indiscriminate. To have a reliable prospect one should be related to a vegan one balanced omnivorous diet e healthy.

In fact, the latter would in any case not include large quantities of fatty meats, cured meats and sausages, fatty cheeses and grilled meats, as well as promoting the maintenance of a normal weight. On the other hand, we specify that the only nutritional factor exclusive to animal foods is cholesterol; for the rest:


  • arachidonic acid is very abundant especially in certain oil seeds;
  • nitrates, much more dangerous than the saltpeter additive, abound in the soil where they are used as fertilizer;
  • saturated fats, and worse hydrogenated fats (for example in certain oils and margarines), are also present in foods of vegetable origin;
  • even vegetable foods can be roasted with intense and rapid cooking.

It is therefore the choice of type of food (raw, processed, preserved, etc.), DON'T of his kingdom of belonging, to determine its healthiness.


Statistical benefits of the vegetarian diet

An article published on the Journal of the American Dietetic Association confirms the data of a study of a few years ago by the authoritative European cancer research center EPIC of Oxford (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition).

In fact, according to these statistical analyzes, the people who follow a dietary style vegetarian are less exposed to risks of the diseases of welfare typical of the Western world.


These subjects enjoy:

  • normal blood cholesterol values;
  • reduced risk of heart disease;
  • normal blood pressure levels;
  • lower risk of type II diabetes;
  • lower risk of getting cancer, especially of the intestine.

It was published in theAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition a hypothesis - then denial - that the increased intake of animal proteins, in particular those present in cheeses and animal meats, determines an acidification of the blood, which the body tends to buffer by taking calcium and minerals from the bones with greater exposure to osteoporotic problems.

Kids

Furthermore, the children who follow a vegetarian style have a index di body mass more bass and are therefore more thin in relationship ai those which follow a typical one western diet.


Most recently, an article appeared on the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry has highlighted how pregnant women who eat more vegetables (not just those) have higher levels of acid folic in the blood and give birth to babies with a brain more developed, More rest assured and with one lower incidence of the syndrome hyperactivity or deficit di caution (ADH).

How to behave with children? Is it right and correct to subject them to this type of diet for their growth?

There is no doubt that children vegans they are more exposed a shortages di football, iron e Vitamin B12 following the exclusion of all animal products; in addition, statistical studies indicate that vegan children, albeit in the norm, grow with a speed lower compared to omnivorous children, only to be equated during adolescence.

In these cases it would be appropriate to plan feeding with a nutritionist indicating the modalities for avoid note delays in growth or malnutrizioni sometimes also generated by poor power management.

Without, therefore, taking sides for or against a vegetarian diet, prioritize the correct intake of proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and trace elements necessary for an optimal psycho-physical development of the child, who will decide for himself what to put on the plate.

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