Push press behind

Who I am
Robert Maurer


Author and references


The Back push press exercise is also known as the Back push press, Rear push press

Type of Exercise

Back push press is a basic exercise


  • Push press in front
  • Slow behind with standing barbell
  • Slow behind with seated barbell
  • Slow forward with standing barbell
  • Slow forward with seated barbell

Push press behind: Execution

The starting position sees the athlete standing upright, with his back in his position of strength, but with the head tilted forward and the knees slightly flexed. The distance between the feet (stride) is equal to or slightly more than the distance between the shoulders. The elbows are flexed, the wrists straight and the shoulders adducted and extra rotated so that the elbow, wrist and barbell are exactly in the vertical plane from a side view. The barbell rests on the lower part of the upper beams of the trapezius as well as on the hands that grip it at a variable distance, but always greater than that between the shoulders. The execution consists in partially flexing the hips, knees and performing a plantar extension at the level of the ankle, and then returning to the starting position, performing a further plantar flexion and using the thrust of the lower limbs to push the barbell upwards on the vertical plane on which it lay before starting, thus trying to draw a straight line segment and not a curve. Once the push of the legs has been used, they must immediately return to a stable position. During the push, the shoulders flex in the sagittal plane and abduct in the longitudinal plane, while the elbows extend and the shoulder blades begin to rotate upward when the elbows are at or above shoulder level. The execution ends with the complete extension of the elbows. This is the basic over-the-head relaxation exercise for power athletes and proper execution requires excellent shoulder mobility and balance.

Muscles involved in the exercise Push press behind

Group 0

  • Lateral deltoid
  • Anterior deltoid
  • Upper bundles of the pectoralis major
  • Supraspinatus
  • Coracobrachiale
  • Brachial biceps
Shoulder abduction

Group 1

  • Triceps bracelet
  • Anconeus
Elbow extension

Group 2

  • Inferior bundles of the great dentate thoracic
  • Lower bundles of the trapezius
  • Intermediate beams of the trapezius
Upper scapular rotation

Group 3

  • Great buttock
  • Long head of the hamstring
  • Semimembranoso
  • Semitendinosus
  • Ischial head of the great adductor
Hip extension

Group 4

  • Pettycur
  • Short adductor
  • Long adductor
  • Great adductor
  • Gracile
Hip adduction

Group 5

  • Quadriceps femoris
Knee extension

Group 6

  • Long peroneus
  • Lombricali
  • Interossei
  • Abductor of the big toe
  • Fifth finger abductor
  • Peroneus brevis
  • Square plantar

Group 7

  • Short flexor of the fingers
  • Long flexor of the big toe
  • Short flexor of the big toe
Metatarsophalangeal flexion
Audio Video Push press behind
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