Protelos - strontium ranelate

Protelos - strontium ranelate

What is Protelos?

Protelos is a drug containing the active substance strontium ranelate, available in 2 g sachets containing a granules for oral suspension.

What is Protelos used for?

Protelos is used to treat osteoporosis (a disease that makes bones fragile) in women who have been through the menopause to reduce the risk of vertebral and hip fractures.
The medicine can only be obtained with a prescription.

How is Protelos used?

The recommended dose of Protelos is one sachet once a day. The contents of the sachet should be mixed in a glass of water to form a suspension to drink immediately after preparation. Protelos should be taken at least two hours after ingesting food, milk, dairy or calcium supplements, preferably at bedtime. Protelos is intended for long-term use. Patients being treated with Protelos should receive a calcium or vitamin D supplement if their dietary intake is insufficient.

How does Protelos work?

Osteoporosis occurs when old bone, which degenerates naturally, is not replaced with enough new tissue. Gradually, the bones become thin and brittle, which increases the likelihood of fractures. Osteoporosis is more common in women after menopause, when levels of the female hormone estrogen, the hormone that helps keep bones healthy, drop.
The active substance in Protelos, strontium ranelate, acts on the bone structure. Once it reaches the intestines, strontium ranelate releases strontium, a substance that is absorbed by the bones. The mechanism of action of strontium is not fully known, as far as osteoporosis is concerned, but it reduces the destruction of bone and stimulates the formation of bone tissue.

How has Protelos been studied?

Protelos has been studied in two large studies involving nearly 7 elderly women. Just under a quarter of the patients were over the age of 000. The first study involved 80 women with osteoporosis with previous vertebral fractures, while the second study involved over 1 women with osteoporosis localized in the hip and femur region. In both studies, the effectiveness of Protelos was compared with placebo (a dummy treatment) and the main measure of effectiveness was the reduction in the risk of a new bone fracture with Protelos. In the first study, this was the number of patients who, over three years, had developed a new vertebral fracture and, in the second study, the measure was the number of patients who had a new peripheral (non-vertebral) fracture. ) due to osteoporosis.

What benefit has Protelos shown during the studies?

In the first study, Protelos was shown to be effective in reducing the risk of new vertebral fractures by 41% over three years: 21% of the 719 women treated with Protelos developed a new vertebral fracture compared to 33% of the 723 patients treated with placebo.
Overall, the results of the second study alone were not sufficient to demonstrate the benefits of Protelos in preventing peripheral fractures. However, when considering only women 74 years of age or older with marked femoral fragility, the results indicate a reduction in the risk of hip fractures when taking Protelos.
Looking at the results of both studies together, fewer women in the Protelos group developed peripheral fractures in parts of the body other than the spine (including the hip) than in the placebo group (331 out of 3 295 in the Protelos group compared to 389 out of 3 256 in the placebo group), thus demonstrating a reduced risk of fracture.

What is the risk associated with Protelos?

The most common side effects seen with Protelos (seen in 1 to 10 patients in 100) are headache, disturbed consciousness (fainting), memory loss, nausea, diarrhea, loose stools, dermatitis (skin inflammation ), eczema (scaly rash), venous thromboembolism (blood clots in the veins) and increased levels of creatine kinase (an enzyme found in muscle tissue) in the blood. For the full list of side effects reported with Protelos, see the Package Leaflet.
Protelos must not be used in people who may be hypersensitive (allergic) to strontium ranelate or any of the other ingredients.

Why has Protelos been approved?

The Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) decided that Protelos's benefits are greater than its risks for the treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women to reduce the risk of vertebral and hip fractures. The Committee therefore recommended that Protelos be given marketing authorization.

Other information about Protelos:

The European Commission granted a marketing authorization valid throughout the European Union for Protelos to Les Laboratoires Servier on 21 September 2004. The marketing authorization was renewed on 21 September 2009.
For the complete EPAR version of Protelos click here.

Last update of this summary: 09-2009.

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