Memory - How Does It Really Work and How Can We Improve It?

    Memory - How Does It Really Work and How Can We Improve It?

    It is often said that a person is the sum of his memories. We are who we are because
    we have a past and we remember it in every moment. When we have to take
    an important decision, the first thing we do is go back in
    time to look for similar situations and analyze how we behaved
    so.


    In any case, even if we resort to the
    memory every day, this does not mean that we understand well how it works.
    In fact, psychologists have only recently been rediscovering this function
    psychological. If we understand how ours works
    memory, we can improve it. In this regard, we are now going to analyze
    some of the common myths related to how memory works .: 1. Memory deteriorates over time. Who has not experienced the
    frustration of searching through the memory and not being able to find the memory that
    He was looking for? When we say: “I have it
    on the tip of the tongue ”because we are sure that the memory is there
    somewhere but we are unable to recall it. From this perspective, it may seem
    very obvious that the memory deteriorates over time, However, every day new
    studies show that our memory has the extraordinary ability to record
    practically everything we experience, the problem lies in the fact that after
    we are unable to recall the memory. Basically, it's like we have a huge
    store of memories available but to the same extent that this is filling up,
    it becomes increasingly difficult to access some "shelves". At this point there
    you are wondering what is the point of recording everything if we can't
    call back. Herein lies the answer. 2. Forgetfulness helps us learn. The idea that we forget something there
    help to learn may seem counterintuitive, but just imagine what a mess
    we would have it in our minds if we could remember every detail of ours
    life in every moment. Our memory chooses the most important memories, either
    emotionally and cognitively, and gives them priority over others. In
    this way, we can immediately access these contents and
    use them to learn other things. It is a similar phenomenon to how
    we organize the icons on our computer screen. Normally we put
    on the desktop only the programs and folders that are most used to us. In
    this way, when we need to use them we have them at hand.
    However, in our computer we have a lot more data even if it is not
    all immediately available on the screen. 3. “Lost” memories can be recovered. If we start from the
    assuming we have stored pretty much everything we have
    lived in a certain part of memory, then it is easy to understand that,
    with the proper techniques, we can remember anything. Sometimes that's enough
    try a little, at other times more complex techniques may be needed
    such as hypnosis. 4. When we recall a memory we are altering it. We tend to think
    to the memory as to a department store where we let the memories rest and
    these remain there, faithful and unalterable. Either way, the reality is well
    different, our memory is creative and sometimes mixes information, takes away
    and adds details. Whenever we bring to mind a
    remember, this consolidates and becomes stronger, compared to the rest of the
    information that remains stored. For example, let's imagine we remember
    a gift that was given to us when we were six or seven. In the same
    extent to which we focus on this gift the memory of other gifts
    it will go dimming. And while we will more remember the situation in which we received
    the gift in question, the more we will be rebuilding our memory of
    birthdays as we will be prioritizing some experiences over
    other. In fact, it is now known that it is possible to implant false memories. 5. The memory "reloads". Let's imagine we want to learn a
    play handball. It would be better to dedicate the first week to learning
    the launch, the one after the reception and so on later or better
    mix all the techniques trying to learn them together? According to experts, it is better to mix
    techniques so as to better memorize the movements. And the same goes for the
    declarative memory; that is, to learn the contents we are taught
    at school . Because? The explanation is very simple: everything
    seems to indicate that every time we change activities to focus on another,
    our memory suffers a sort of "recharge". Let's say, it's like everyone
    the memories we were working with shifted to a second floor to reload
    new and more relevant information with the activity we are carrying out
    now.
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