grapes it is the fruit of the vine (Vitis vinifera sativa), a plant cultivated for over 4000 years, first in Asia Minor and then in all the countries of the Mediterranean basin, where with the olive tree it represents one of the most characteristic elements of the landscape.
There are about 5000 species of vines, whose fruits are distinguished by diversity of shape, color and flavor. Our country is one of the most important producers of wine and table grapes, but it also produces seedless varieties destined to become raisins. An oil rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids is obtained from the seeds (grape seeds).
Grapes are a food of considerable nutritional and highly energetic value (on average over 700 Kcal per kg) due to the presence of a high level of sugars.
These are the main components of the grape:
- sugar (circa 17%);
- I left minerals (potassium tartrate, phosphorus, calcium and iron salts);
- vitamine A, B1, B2, C, PP;
- tannins, especially in black grapes;
- flavonoids, with antioxidant action, which protect against the formation of free radicals;
- Anthocyanins e polyphenols, contained above all in black grapes, which have strong protective properties of blood vessels;
- cellulose and pectin.
The consumption of fresh grapes in juice or dried, but also of grape seed oil, is recommended in case of:
- anemia and fatigue, to be consumed with meals or as a snack between meals, either fresh or in juice.
- constipation, a bunch of grapes at the end of meals or as a snack has a laxative effect; in fact, the skin of ripe grapes contains cellulose and pectin, which help regulate intestinal functions;
- excess cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, grapeseed oil, taken in the morning on an empty stomach in a dose of two tablespoons or used together with olive oil to season dishes and raw vegetables, helps to regulate cholesterol and triglyceride values.
- I diabetics they must consume grapes in moderation, as the high sugar content can lead to an excessive and sudden increase in blood sugar.
Ever tried making wine-based cosmetics?