Front raises with dumbbells

Who I am
Robert Maurer

Author and references


The dumbbell front raise exercise is also known as the Front raise with dumbell, Dumbell front raise

Type of Exercise

Front raises with dumbbells is a Monoarticular / accessory exercise


  • Front raises with barbell

Front raises with dumbbells: Execution

The starting position sees the athlete standing upright with the back in his position of strength, the knees slightly flexed and the distance between the feet equal to or slightly greater than that of the shoulders. The shoulders are not fully extended although the arms can still be considered at the sides. The elbows are almost fully extended. Each hand holds a dumbbell with a prone grip. The execution consists of flexing the shoulders or flexing / adding them, thus lifting the dumbbells until the humerus is parallel to the ground. Flexing the elbows is considered cheating and shifts the workload to the front of the shoulders. The help of lower limb thrust and excessive hyperextension of the spine is considered cheating. Although this is an exercise that is used to train the anterior portion of the deltoid, it is possible to progressively increase the contribution of the lateral portion of the deltoid as the shoulders are abducted. Excessive internal rotation of the shoulder is always inadvisable. Vertical body position tends to make exercise more difficult in the second half of shoulder flexion or flexion / abduction. There is also a variant of sitting on benches at different inclinations of this exercise, to progressively move the critical point of the movement lower as the incline of the bench approaches 180 °.

Muscles involved in the exercise Front raises with dumbbells

Group 0

  • Anterior deltoid
  • Upper bundles of the pectoralis major
  • Coracobrachiale
  • Brachial biceps
Shoulder flexion

Group 1

  • Lateral deltoid
  • Supraspinatus
Shoulder abduction (optional)

Group 2

  • Inferior bundles of the great dentate thoracic
  • Lower bundles of the trapezius
  • Intermediate beams of the trapezius
Upper scapular rotation
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