Foreign Languages: We are more rational when we think in one of these

    Foreign Languages: We are more rational when we think in one of these

    One of the major contributions of Psychology was
    to document in detail the infinite variety of ways in which one
    carries out our thinking and how it deceives us. Now, a group of University researchers
    of Chicago found that people are immune to two thinking tricks
    very common; but only when they think in a foreign language.

    The first part of the research consisted in creating the "paintings"
    in which to develop the problem. The participants were told about this
    to the experiment, which 600.000 people risked dying from one
    illness. Later, half of the participants were told they had to
    choose between two options: (a) that they could save 200.000 lives for the price of
    losing the others or (b) having a 33,3% chance of saving the
    600.000 people and a 66,6% chance of not being able to save anyone. The other half of the participants were offered a
    different picture: (a) choosing a medicine that involved the deaths of 400.000
    people and survival of the rest or (b) have a 33,3% chance that
    no one died and 66,6% that all 600.000 people died. The curious side is that for each of the opportunities offered
    the result is the same, except that each choice is presented in a different one
    different perspective or "picture". Thus, the first group preferred option (a) because
    it gave him more confidence while the second group chose option (b) given
    which he did not consider the first option convincing enough. Up to this point, nothing had been discovered
    new one. They already knew that our decisions largely depend on the "framework"
    in which alternatives are presented to us. Anyway, the researchers
    they introduced a variation in the experiment: they asked people to think in
    a foreign language. In this case, people were not victims of the effect
    of the "picture" but rather made their decisions rationally. Because? Researchers believe it is due to the fact that one
    foreign language allows us to take a certain psychological distance,
    allowing us to think more logically. Also, the fact that we have to
    trying harder to think in a foreign language also contributes to this
    to reduce the tendency to follow pre-established thought patterns e
    it would motivate greater reflection. So we know if we have to make a decision
    important, perhaps we should think in a foreign language; clear, this
    it applies to those who master the language with a certain fluidity.
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