Einstein's Enigma: Does It Help Us Solve Problems?

Who I am
Robert Maurer


Author and references

In everyday life there are hundreds of situations from which we can
gain experience and emerge strengthened. Sometimes it's the most situations
unimaginable those that give us the best lessons in life. Because of this
now I propose that you try to solve the famous one Enigma di Einstein, also called the five-house problem or
of the goldfish.

It is said that only 2% of people are able to finish it in 3
minutes, the rest takes much longer but the important thing is to find the solution
alone. There are five houses with five different colors and in
each of these lives a person of different nationality.
Each of the owners drinks a different drink, smokes one
different brand of cigarettes and has a different pet. We have the following keys:
1. The Englishman lives in the red house 2. The Swede has a dog 3. The Dane drinks tea 4. The green house is to the left of the white house 5. The owner of the green house drinks coffee 6. The person who smokes Pall Mall has a little bird 7. The owner of the yellow house smokes Dunhill 8. Who lives in the central house drinks milk 9. The Norwegian lives in the first house 10. The person who smokes Brends lives near whoever has a
cat 11. The person who has a horse lives near the smoker
Dunhill 12. Who smokes Bluemasters drinks beer 13. The German smokes Prince 14. The Norwegian lives near the blue house 15. Who smokes Brends has a neighbor who drinks water The question is: Who is the owner of the goldfish? At this point, arm yourself with paper and pencil. Done? Well, let's go find
to solve the problem. First stage: The first impact is for sure of confusion and discouragement, you have so much data available that
you don't even know where to start. Doubts arise and you ask yourself: will it be a
enigma involving mental agility? Does it hide any tricks? This is exactly what happens in real life when we face a
problem for the first time this takes some time before we succeed
to focus on the meaning of the question. We are discouraged and
confused and this situation is annoying to us. Doubts arise and we ask ourselves
if we will really be able to solve the problem. Second phase: decide di
address the problem. At this point we decide to accept the challenge e
devote our resources to find a solution. It's a moment full of
adrenaline, we trust in our abilities and even we desire
prove that we are among that 2% of smart people who solve it in
less time. In life we ​​always go through this phase, we aim to solve the
problem as quickly as possible and we are confident in our potential. Third phase: reorganize i
data. Once we have decided to fix the problem we realize that
we need to make an "inventory" of the data we have and to organize them
so that they can lead us to the solution. For example, in riddle i
data 8 and 9 are the first we should work with. When we face a real problem we should do the same, they will exist
more important data that can bring us closer to the solution and others that do
they can discard or set aside. If we address the problem in his
together, it will be more difficult to understand and solve it. Fourth phase: strategy of resolution.
At this point we already have a mental representation of the data and the
their importance in hierarchical order, so we wonder what it will be at
most appropriate strategy. Do we draw the houses on the sheet? What data do we take as
landmark? Obviously, this phase is essential because if we don't structure one
solution strategy appropriate to the problem, we will need to come back for more
times at the beginning. And this can be daunting and make us abandon. Fifth phase: i doubts. After having
arranged roughly six items on the list you realize that
the strategy used up to here must be changed or at least it must
include multiple variations. Then doubts arise, ask yourself again if not
it will deal with a problem of mental agility and go back to reconsider all the information. This is one of the most critical steps in troubleshooting a lot
in math than in real life. When the strategy we started
it has already given all its fruits but we are still halfway there, there
we ask if we can really continue and if it is worth it. Let's look at this
that we have obtained and what is missing to finish. If we are not
sufficiently motivated here it all ends, because it is as if all that
we made it fall apart. For some, the adventure ends here because
often does not realize that it is very close to the solution. Sixth phase: reorganization e
. At this point we analyze all the possible alternatives e
we see the desired solution. However, this doesn't mean that you won't need to work one
little more to see the result, however there are things to do and
we are exhausted. Then it is necessary to regain strength and continue. Seventh phase: the feed back.
Although few people go through this stage in resolving the
problems, it is certain that it is one of the most important. Pause to check if
the solution is correct, see what the path was and where we are
wrong. In order not to make the same mistakes again, we need to know
where did we go wrong. We stopped in the confusion stage or maybe
when we had doubts? Have we been persistent and meticulous? We left
that frustration took over our logic? In short, maybe there
you will be amazed at what you may discover about yourself simply by solving
a trivial logical problem. For the curious, the solution is: “The German had the goldfish, which
he lived in the green house, drank coffee and smoked Prince ”.
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