What is gastritis
Gastritis is an acute or chronic inflammatory process of the gastric wall.
The classic symptoms of gastritis are:
- Stomach acidity
- Stomach cramps
- He retched.
Mild and severe gastritis
The medical approach to chronic gastritis involves the execution of in-depth diagnostic investigations and targeted drug therapies.
On the contrary, for the milder and / or sporadic forms the following are sufficient: rest and reduction of nervous stress, assisted by a light and adequate diet; a pharmacological approach is rarely recommended.
Causes of mild gastritis
Gastritis is often caused by bad eating habits and more generally by a bad lifestyle:
- Excess of some condiments and foods irritating to the gastric mucosa
- Alcohol abuse
- Excess of hot spices
- Excessive or poorly performed intake of certain drugs with gastrically damaging effects (aspirin and the like).
What are the basic principles to follow in the gastritis diet?
In the presence of gastritis, it is very important to avoid all products that further insult the already inflamed gastric mucosa for the ailment.
These dietary and behavioral rules are indicated in both sporadic and chronic forms:
- In the first case they are by themselves capable of resolving the inflammation
- In the second case, specific medicines are needed.
In both cases, it is necessary to contact the attending physician to make a diagnosis and establish the specific treatment.
Medical check-up: what is it for?
Medical supervision is used to monitor the progress of gastritis.
However, while for the sporadic and / or mild forms medical control is recommended above all to identify any complications early (ulcers, Helicobacter pylori infection, stomach cancer, etc.), for the severe forms it primarily assumes the role of monitoring progress in treatment (dietary, behavioral and pharmacological).
Medicines for chronic gastritis?
The specific medicines for the treatment of gastritis are: antibiotics, gastroprotectors and drugs able to regulate the motility of the digestive tract (prokinetics). For further information, read: Drugs to Treat Gastritis
What are the most relevant diet tips for gastritis?
The gastritis diet is based primarily on compliance with some very simple rules; for example respecting behavioral rules, changing the composition and size of meals, respecting the list of recommended foods and limiting / avoiding products not recommended.
- Eat your meals in an environment that promotes relaxation. Chewing, digestion and gastritis improve as nerve tension decreases
- Prevent the consumption of meals in conditions of significant nervousness and fatigue
- Eat at regular times, never skipping a meal or excessively delaying it
- Properly distribute meals throughout the day
- Consume at least two, or rather three, snacks a day; mid-morning and mid-afternoon are essential, because they help to buffer stomach acid, preventing it from rising too much due to prolonged fasting
- Avoid a big dinner; it must always be quantitatively less than lunch
- In general, it is good to limit binges, because too abundant meals require a very long gastric stay, strain the stomach and require an acid secretion so significant as to cause discomfort to the already irritated mucosa.
- Chew slowly, because a correct and complete chewing makes digestion easier, reducing the gastric residence time of food
- Pay close attention to chewing the most stubborn or complicated foods (especially when the teeth do not allow it)
- It is advisable to remain in a sitting position for at least ten minutes at the end of the meal.
What to eat
What foods and cooking methods are recommended and not recommended in case of gastritis?
|Light foods with a low fat content: white meats, lean fish, non-fermented low-fat cheeses||Cooking techniques that require a lot of fat: especially frying, but also those in a pan or pan with a lot of fat|
|Recipes prepared with light cooking methods: boiling, sautéing in a pan with extra virgin olive oil or grilling, taking care not to burn parts of the food||Foods rich in fat: cured meats - especially sausages - fatty cheeses - especially fermented ones such as gorgonzola and pecorino|
|Regarding milk and yogurt, consume them in moderation and preferring partially skimmed ones||Greasy seasonings and various dips|
|Do not consume in the same dish proteins of different origins such as eggs and legumes or meat and cheeses: obviously in small doses such as a sprinkling of parmesan on the lean pasta ragù such associations are allowed||Preserved foods: salted, in oil, smoked etc.|
|Fruit juices, except for very acidic ones (grapefruit or other citrus fruit juice||Alcoholic drinks (especially spirits), tea, coffee, carbonated drinks|
|Cooked vegetables, artichokes, cabbage, nettles, potatoes, bananas||Cold foods (frozen drinks, ice cream, slushes) especially on an empty stomach|
|Sour fruit (lemons, mandarins, oranges, cedar, pineapple, currants, pomegranate) and dried fruit (too rich in fat and protein), white wine, vinegar, tomatoes, peppers, tomato juice|
|Spices (especially pepper, garlic, chilli), pickles, brines, pastry products based on creams.|
- Drink more water: saliva and fluids protect the esophageal muscles from gastric juices.
- If the symptoms of gastritis are particularly intense and result in vomiting and / or diarrhea, it is important to prevent dehydration by increasing the consumption of liquids: water or specific drinks that can be purchased at the pharmacy; instead, avoid tea, coffee and sugary drinks.
- A walk at the end of the meal can be helpful in promoting digestion.
- Milk, being an alkaline food, has an immediate positive effect as its basicity counteracts (buffers) the acidity of the gastric contents. Especially the whole one, however, is also rich in fats and proteins that increase gastric acidity and slow down the emptying of the stomach. It therefore has a beneficial effect immediately but, especially if you overdo the quantities, after the initial relief it can cause a quick reappearance of symptoms.
- Out of respect for subjectivity, listen to your body and avoid foods and drinks to which you attribute past episodes of indigestion. When the acute phase of gastritis has passed, experiment with ingesting small amounts of certain foods. In fact, there is a certain individual variability due to which some foods that are contraindicated for some may be well tolerated by others, and vice versa.
- In the acute phase, carefully follow the dietary advice given by the doctor; as soon as the symptoms subside, gradually expand the diet.