Barley: properties, nutritional values, calories

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Robert Maurer

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Barley (Hordeum vulgare or Hordeum sativum) is a plant that belongs to the Graminaceae family. With its remineralizing and anti-inflammatory properties, it is useful for the intestine and in case of constipation. Let's find out better.

> 1. Description of barley

> 2. Properties and benefits barley

> 3. Calories and nutritional values ​​of barley

> 4. Ally of

> 5. Curiosities about barley

> 6. A recipe up your sleeve


Description of the barley

Already Hippocrates he praised the medicinal properties of barley and described it thus: "Thirst-quenching and easy to excrete, it does not involve astringency or bad agitation, nor swells the belly".

In recent years there has been one exponential growth of the demand for barley in the market.

It is used in various ways: in grains, to make soups, barley and salads; in flour, for the preparation of pasta and bakery products; in soluble powder, to obtain a drink with a flavor similar to that of coffee. It is also used as iIngredient for the preparation of spirits, especially beer and whiskey.


Properties and benefits barley

Barley has remineralizing properties, in fact, it contains a fair amount of phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, iron, zinc, silicon and calcium. It also contains B vitamins and vitamin E.

Ha anti-inflammatory properties, in particular affecting the bladder and intestines. Being quite rich in fiber, it helps regulate intestinal function and is particularly useful in case of constipation.

The barley decoction stimulates digestion and, when applied to the skin, helps to resolve skin inflammations. It can also be used to gargle, in case of inflammation of the gola.


Calories and nutritional values ​​of barley

The composition of barley is very similar to that of corn, however it differs in the higher protein content and the lower lipid content. 65/70% is made up of carbohydrates. 

100 g of pearl barley contain 319 kcal / 1333 kj.

Furthermore, for every 100 g of this product, we have:

  • Water 12,2 g
  • G carbohydrates 70,5
  • Sugars 0 g
  • 10,4 g protein
  • 1,4 g fat
  • Cholesterol 0 g
  • Total fiber 9,2 g
  • Sodium 3 mg
  • Potassium 120 mg
  • Iron 0,7 mg
  • Calcium 14 mg
  • Phosphorus 189 mg
  • Vitamin B1 0,09 mg
  • Vitamin B2 0,08 mg
  • Vitamin B3 3,1 mg
  • Vitamin A 0 µg
  • Vitamin C 0 mg


Barley, ally of

Intestine, bladder, pancreas, bones, stomach, hair, nails.


Also discover the properties, use and benefits of barley flour


Barley curiosities

Barley was a very present food in diet of the Roman gladiators who appreciated its energizing qualities and consumed it mainly in the form of soup. For this reason they were called hordeani, from hordeum.


A recipe up your sleeve

Barley with mushrooms. Ingredients for 4 people:

  • 350 grams of organic pearl barley, one shallot,
  • 150 grams of fresh champignon mushrooms,
  • 150 grams of fresh or frozen porcini mushrooms,
  • parsley,
  • vegetable broth,
  • salt and pepper,
  • a glass of dry white wine,
  • extra virgin olive oil.

Preparation. Clean and cut the mushrooms, prepare the vegetable broth. Chop the shallot and lightly fry it in a little olive oil, add the barley and let it brown, as you would with rice, then add the mushrooms. Deglaze with a glass of white wine and then pour in the boiling broth, one ladle at a time, always stirring, until cooked. Season with salt and finally add the finely chopped parsley and pepper.


The properties and benefits of beer prepared with barley


Other articles on barley: 
> What is barley grass juice and what is it used for?

> Barley malt, properties, use and where to find it

> Barley for irritable bowel


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